A ground-breaking research carried out within a global network, the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet), recently revealed its findings. According to the latest research, the antibiotic use at less than 24 Months of age was linked with somewhat higher body weight at the age of 5. The research is dubbed as “Early Life Antibiotic Use and Weight Outcomes in Children Ages 48 to <72 Months of Age.” It can be accessed online in the journal Pediatrics.
The overuse of antibiotic is said to be the key population health issue, primarily owing to the dangers of growing antibiotic resistance. However, lately, interest in antibiotics’ effect on weight has appeared. Antibiotics are found to be disturbing the natural balance of gut microbiome or intestinal bacteria. For the reason that the microbiome has key effects on the metabolism of the body and how the process of food digestion is carried out, scientists have theorized that alterations in weight might happen with the microbiome disturbances.
On a similar note, a research team at the San Diego State University (SDSU), researching MRI scans of school-going children’s brains, revealed the outcomes of their latest research. They proclaimed the discovery of exceptional neural communication patterns relating the amygdala, the brain region that processes social information. Reportedly, in children suffering from autism spectrum disorders, the amygdala connections with other regions of the brain found to be weaker with several parts and stronger with others when compared with the normally developing children of the similar age.
Inna Fishman, Psychologist, SDSU, who led the research, stated that a part of the brain demonstrating marked dissimilarities linking with the amygdala is the occipital cortex. It is situated in the back of the brain and is concerned with the encoding of gaze, facial expressions, and other facial cues. The results notify the probable brain “markers” for autism spectrum disorders to further describe the state in biological as well as behavioral terms.