The Universe is known to comprise of clusters of stars that are not only massive but also luminous. In our galaxy, there are numerous stars that are just 5000 light years away from the Earth. The astronomers have been able to identify a group of particles being accelerated by a swiftly revolving neutron star that passes a massive star which it orbits only once in every 50 Years.
As per the astrophysicist Jamie Holder and doctoral student Tyler Williamson from the University of Delaware, the discovery is a very rare one and is being named as a strange pair of gravitationally connected stars which is a “gamma-ray binary system.” This event tends to occur only once in 50 Years just as Halley’s Comet. The mammoth stars are one of the huge ones in our galaxy. A massive explosion of a star can result in the emergence of neutron stars which are highly dense and full of life. The 100 Billion stars present in our galaxy are the binary system with a neutron star orbiting it. The scientists are now studying the energy required to accelerate the particles by identifying the unique neutron stars emitting radio waves. There is still not much known about the binary systems.
The scientists used the VERITAS telescope array belonging to the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in collaboration with the MAGIC telescopes at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory to study the particle acceleration in a constantly changing surrounding. The accelerated particles are commonly known as the cosmic rays and they carry a lot of energy. Our galaxy is full of them. Pulsar is an object with a magnetic field that can help energize the particles nearby along with certain collisions as well. These high-energy light beams are known as gamma rays which are detected using VERITAS and MAGIC telescopes.
The astronomers are using sophisticated telescopes to study the speeding particles for their mysterious energetic mechanism. A squad of astronomers led by Dr. Noah Brosch from the U.S., Russia, and Israel has found a disrupted galaxy similar to a giant tadpole with an elliptical head plus an elongated that is almost 300 million light years away from Earth. This novel galaxy is 1 million light-years stretched from end to end and 10 times generously proportioned than the Milky Way.